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Aug 122014

-ectomy

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Suffix denoting removal of a structure or organ by cutting. For example, tonsillectomy or diskectomy.

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Aug 122014

Arthrocentesis

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The clinical procedure where synovial fluid is removed from a joint capsule using a syringe to diagnose gout, arthritis or synovial infection. Also called joint aspiration.

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Aug 122014

Arthrodesis

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Surgical fusion of a joint by removing cartilage and positioning adjacent bones to promote bone growth across the joint. A successful fusion eliminates the joint and stops motion, typically to relieve pain or stabilize an unstable joint.

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Aug 122014

Arthroplasty

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Repair or replacement of an entire joint or part of a joint in the body, such as a knee or hip. The word arthroplasty originates from the Greek terms arthron, joint, and plassein, to form or shape.

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Aug 122014

Aspirate

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Remove fluids from a body cavity by suction, typically done to obtain specimens for analysis.

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Aug 122014

Birmingham Hip Resurfacing

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A type of hip arthroplasty that uses a metal-on-metal hip device. The procedure was developed by Derek McMinn in Birmingham, England and has been used in the UK since 1997.

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Aug 122014

Bone scan

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A nuclear scanning test performed to identify new areas of bone growth or breakdown.

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Aug 122014

CAT Scan

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Computed axial tomography, sometimes called CT scan, uses special x-ray equipment to obtain images of different angles around the body which can be used to produce a computer-generated cross-section of body tissues and organs. CT imaging produces very detailed images that can help diagnose problems such as cancers, cardiovascular disease, ...

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Aug 122014

CT scan

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Sometimes called CAT scan, uses special x-ray equipment to obtain images of different angles around the body which can be used to produce a computer-generated cross-section of body tissues and organs. CT imaging produces very detailed images that can help diagnose problems such as cancers, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, trauma and ...

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Aug 122014

Diskectomy

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Surgical removal of a disk from between two vertebrae in the spine.

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Aug 122014

Epidural

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A local anaesthetic administered by injection into the area between the bones of the spine and the outer membrane covering the spinal cord.

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Aug 122014

Femoral nerve block

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A technique used to block the sensation in the femoral nerve as a means of controlling pain during and after surgery.

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Aug 122014

Fusion

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Joining of two bones into a single unit, removing motion between the two. See arthrodesis.

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Aug 122014

Hemovac

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A drain inserted into the area of surgery to allow excess fluids, such as blood, to escape.

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Aug 122014

Hip resurfacing

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A type of arthroplasty surgery which has been developed as an alternative to total hip replacement. Hip resurfacing includes less bone removal and is generally suitable for younger patients who suffer from non-inflammatory arthritis and who are not morbidly obese. Potential complications from hip resurfacing as compared to total hip ...

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Aug 122014

Intravenous

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The provision of drugs or nutrition directly into the bloodstream through a vein. Also refers to the actual tube used to provide drugs or nutrition directly into the bloodstream through a vein.

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Aug 122014

Joint aspiration

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Arthrocentesis, the clinical procedure where synovial fluid is removed from a joint capsule using a syringe to diagnose gout, arthritis or synovial infection.

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Aug 122014

Osteotomy

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Taking out part or all of a bone, or cutting into or through a bone.

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Aug 142014

Staple

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In medicine, a thin wire used to close a wound or incision in the body.

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Aug 142014

Suture

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A material, such as a thread or wire, used to close a wound or incision in the body. Sometimes called a stitch.

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