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Aug 122014

Osteoarthritis

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A condition, also called degenerative joint disease, in which there is gradual loss of cartilage of the joints. It is most common after middle age. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling of the affected joints, loss of function, reduced range of motion, and deformity.

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Aug 122014

Osteonecrosis

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Bone death, often as a result of obstruction in its blood supply.

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Aug 122014

Osteoporosis

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A disease that causes the bone tissue to become porous, resulting in the loss of bone mass. It is most common in people over 50, and is more prevalent in women.

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Aug 132014

Pulmonary embolism

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A blood clot in the main artery of the lungs or one of its branches that causes low blood oxygen saturation and rapid heart rate. Symptoms of PE include difficulty breathing, chest pain and palpitations. Severe cases of PE can lead to loss of consciousness, abnormally low blood pressure and sudden death. In most cases, PE is caused by a blood ...

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Aug 132014

Rheumatic diseases

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Conditions affecting the joints, bones, muscles and skin that cause one or more of the following symptoms: inflammation, stiffness, weakness, loss of mobility and deformity.

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Aug 132014

Rheumatoid arthritis

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A chronic disease of the joints characterized by inflammation, stiffness, weakness, loss of mobility and eventual deformity.

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Aug 122014

Scoliosis

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A medical condition where there is an exaggerated sideways curvature of the spine. See Kyphosis and Lordosis.

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Aug 142014

Subchondral cyst formation

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A medical condition in which a fluid-filled sac extrudes from the joint. The sack is filled with fluid that usually serves as a lubricant for the joint. Formation of subchondral cysts typically indicates an early phase of osteoarthritis.

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Aug 142014

Tendonitis

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Inflammation of a tendon, most commonly resulting from an injury. Also called tendinitis.

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Aug 142014

Valgus

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A deformity marked by outward angulation of a segment of bone; bowlegged.

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