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Aug 122014

-itis

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Word suffix indicating diseases characterized by inflammation or swelling, such as “arthritis” or “laryngitis”.

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Aug 122014

Bowlegged

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A condition that produces an outward curve at or below the knee area. It is caused by a disorder that slows the growth of the inner portion of the growth plate that runs horizontally across the knee while the outer portion of the plate grows normally. Also known as valgus.

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Aug 122014

Bunion

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A localized painful swelling at the base of the big toe, often associated with bursitis or osteoarthritis.

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Aug 122014

Bursitis

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Inflammation of a bursa, a tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body.

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Aug 122014

Carpal tunnel syndrome

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A repetitive stress injury characterized by pain, numbness and weakness in the wrist and hand.

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Aug 122014

Compartment syndrome

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A condition in which there is swelling and increased pressure within a limited space (compartment) that presses on and compromises blood vessels, nerves and tendons that run through the compartment. Compartment syndrome commonly occurs in the leg or forearm, but can also occur in the arm, thigh, shoulder and buttocks. If untreated, compartment ...

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Aug 122014

Deep vein thrombosis

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A blood clot in a deep vein usually caused by immobilization, obstructed blood flow or injury. DVT commonly affects the leg veins or the deep veins of the pelvis. A DVT may occur without symptoms, but is characterized in many cases with pain, redness, and swelling. Risk factors for developing DVT include recent surgery or hospitalization, ...

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Aug 122014

Degenerative

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Characterized by progressive, often irreversible deterioration and loss of function in the organs or tissues.

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Aug 122014

Degenerative joint disease

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Deterioration of that cartilage that lines a joint, which results in narrowing of the joint space and pain. DJD is often used interchangeably with osteoarthritis.

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Aug 122014

Dislocation

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The displacement of a bone or other body part from its normal fitting in a joint.

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Aug 122014

Edema

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Excessive accumulation of fluid in the body tissues.

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Aug 122014

Gout

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A medical condition caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the blood that presents as recurring episodes of inflammatory arthritis. It is estimated that gout will affect 1% of Western populations at some point in their lives.

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Aug 122014

Hammer toe

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A deformed toe that is bent or curled under the foot as a result of a weakened muscle that makes tendons shorter.

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Aug 122014

Hemoglobin

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A protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to body tissues. A low hemoglobin count is referred to as anemia.

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Aug 122014

Herniated disc

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Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column.

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Aug 122014

Inflammation

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Swelling, redness, and pain experienced in an area of the body.

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Aug 122014

Inflammatory arthritis

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A group of diseases characterized by inflamed joints, pain and tenderness. Includes conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthropathy, inflammatory bowel disease, scleroderma, juvenile arthritis and lupus.

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Aug 122014

Juvenile arthritis

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Any form of arthritis or arthritis-related condition that affects people under the age of 16.

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Aug 122014

Knock-kneed

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A condition that produces an inward curve at or below the knee area so that the knees are permanently close together and the ankles are spread apart. Also known as varus.

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Aug 122014

Kyphosis

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A medical condition where there is an exaggerated outward curvature of the spine, resulting in a rounded upper back. See Scoliosis and Lordosis.

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Aug 122014

Lordosis

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A medical condition of the spine where there is an exaggerated inward curvature of the lower back. See Scoliosis and Kyphosis.

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Aug 122014

Necrosis

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The death of cells in body tissue or organs caused by disease or injury.

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