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Aug 122014

-itis

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Word suffix indicating diseases characterized by inflammation or swelling, such as “arthritis” or “laryngitis”.

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Aug 122014

Ankylosing spondylitis

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Inflammatory arthritis of the spine, resembling rheumatoid arthritis. Previously known as Bechterew’s disease (or syndrome) and Marie-Strümpell disease. From Greek ankylos,  fused; spondylos, vertebra; -itis, inflammation. 

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Aug 122014

Anterolisthesis

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A medical condition of the spine in which the upper vertebral body – the thick drum-shaped area in front of each vertebrae – slips forward onto the vertebrae below.

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Aug 122014

Arthropathy

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Joint disease. The term arthropathy does not specify the type of joint disease. The word arthropathy originates from the Greek terms arthron, joint, and pathos, suffering.

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Aug 122014

Aseptic loosening

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Loosening of an implanted device as a result of tiny particles generated at the bearing couple of a joint. When these particles overwhelm the joint capsule’s ability to clear them, they can induce an inflammatory response that can lead to bone loss and subsequent implant loosening.

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Aug 122014

Atrophy

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Wasting away of tissue, frequently related to decreased use or decreased blood supply.

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Aug 122014

Avascular necrosis

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A condition in which poor blood supply to an area of bone leads to bone death. AVN commonly occurs at the head of the femur (thigh bone).

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Aug 122014

Blood clot

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A clump or thickened mass of blood in an artery that may partially or completely block the flow of blood.

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Aug 122014

Bowlegged

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A condition that produces an outward curve at or below the knee area. It is caused by a disorder that slows the growth of the inner portion of the growth plate that runs horizontally across the knee while the outer portion of the plate grows normally. Also known as valgus.

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Aug 122014

Bunion

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A localized painful swelling at the base of the big toe, often associated with bursitis or osteoarthritis.

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Aug 122014

Bursitis

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Inflammation of a bursa, a tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body.

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Aug 122014

Carpal tunnel syndrome

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A repetitive stress injury characterized by pain, numbness and weakness in the wrist and hand.

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Aug 122014

Compartment syndrome

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A condition in which there is swelling and increased pressure within a limited space (compartment) that presses on and compromises blood vessels, nerves and tendons that run through the compartment. Compartment syndrome commonly occurs in the leg or forearm, but can also occur in the arm, thigh, shoulder and buttocks. If untreated, compartment ...

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Aug 122014

Deep vein thrombosis

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A blood clot in a deep vein usually caused by immobilization, obstructed blood flow or injury. DVT commonly affects the leg veins or the deep veins of the pelvis. A DVT may occur without symptoms, but is characterized in many cases with pain, redness, and swelling. Risk factors for developing DVT include recent surgery or hospitalization, ...

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Aug 122014

Degenerative

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Characterized by progressive, often irreversible deterioration and loss of function in the organs or tissues.

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Aug 122014

Degenerative joint disease

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Deterioration of that cartilage that lines a joint, which results in narrowing of the joint space and pain. DJD is often used interchangeably with osteoarthritis.

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Aug 122014

Gout

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A medical condition caused by elevated levels of uric acid in the blood that presents as recurring episodes of inflammatory arthritis. It is estimated that gout will affect 1% of Western populations at some point in their lives.

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Aug 122014

Hammer toe

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A deformed toe that is bent or curled under the foot as a result of a weakened muscle that makes tendons shorter.

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Aug 122014

Hemoglobin

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A protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to body tissues. A low hemoglobin count is referred to as anemia.

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Aug 122014

Herniated disc

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Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column.

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Aug 122014

Inflammation

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Swelling, redness, and pain experienced in an area of the body.

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