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Aug 122014

Bowlegged

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A condition that produces an outward curve at or below the knee area. It is caused by a disorder that slows the growth of the inner portion of the growth plate that runs horizontally across the knee while the outer portion of the plate grows normally. Also known as valgus.

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Aug 122014

Bunion

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A localized painful swelling at the base of the big toe, often associated with bursitis or osteoarthritis.

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Aug 122014

Bursa

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A tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body, found in synovial joints. Major busae are located beside tendons near the large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips and knees.

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Aug 122014

Bursitis

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Inflammation of a bursa, a tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body.

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Aug 122014

Carpal tunnel syndrome

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A repetitive stress injury characterized by pain, numbness and weakness in the wrist and hand.

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Aug 122014

Cartilage

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A tough, white elastic tissue that covers the contact points of the bones that make up joints in the body, providing a cushion between the contact points and allowing smooth and painless movement of the joint.

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Aug 122014

Case Manager

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The individual who assembles and coordinates a team of health care service providers, including doctors, nurses and therapists, for a patient.

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Aug 122014

CAT Scan

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Computed axial tomography, sometimes called CT scan, uses special x-ray equipment to obtain images of different angles around the body which can be used to produce a computer-generated cross-section of body tissues and organs. CT imaging produces very detailed images that can help diagnose problems such as cancers, cardiovascular disease, ...

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Aug 122014

Catheter

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A tube inserted into the body to drain fluid, inject fluid or keep a passage open.

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Aug 122014

Chronic care

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Treatment of a medical condition that is of long duration and occasionally over time can cause changes in the body.

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Aug 122014

Coccyx

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The small tail-like bone at the very bottom of the spine. The coccyx is made up of 3 to 5 rudimentary vertebrae.

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Aug 122014

Compartment syndrome

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A condition in which there is swelling and increased pressure within a limited space (compartment) that presses on and compromises blood vessels, nerves and tendons that run through the compartment. Compartment syndrome commonly occurs in the leg or forearm, but can also occur in the arm, thigh, shoulder and buttocks. If untreated, compartment ...

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Aug 122014

Connective tissue

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Tissue that serves as the framework of the body, surrounding, supporting and connecting organs, muscles, joints and other body parts.

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Aug 122014

Control group

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The group of individuals in a study who, usually unknowingly, are not treated or not given a procedure or medication. Their response is compared with that of treated individuals in order to validate the results of the study and to ensure that the observed impact is related to the treatment, procedure or medication being tested. The opposite ...

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Aug 122014

CT scan

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Sometimes called CAT scan, uses special x-ray equipment to obtain images of different angles around the body which can be used to produce a computer-generated cross-section of body tissues and organs. CT imaging produces very detailed images that can help diagnose problems such as cancers, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, trauma and ...

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Aug 122014

Deep vein thrombosis

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A blood clot in a deep vein usually caused by immobilization, obstructed blood flow or injury. DVT commonly affects the leg veins or the deep veins of the pelvis. A DVT may occur without symptoms, but is characterized in many cases with pain, redness, and swelling. Risk factors for developing DVT include recent surgery or hospitalization, ...

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Aug 122014

Degenerative

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Characterized by progressive, often irreversible deterioration and loss of function in the organs or tissues.

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Aug 122014

Degenerative joint disease

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Deterioration of that cartilage that lines a joint, which results in narrowing of the joint space and pain. DJD is often used interchangeably with osteoarthritis.

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