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Aug 122014

Anticoagulant

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A substance that stops blood from clotting, often used after surgery to prevent deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or other blood clots.

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Aug 142014

AP

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Depending on context, may refer to Anterior-Posterior (as in a description of a diagnostic imaging view), or Antibiotic Prophylaxis.

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Aug 122014

Arthritis

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A condition that causes inflammation, stiffness and pain in the joints. From Greek term arthron, joint, and latin -itis, inflammation.

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Aug 122014

Arthrocentesis

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The clinical procedure where synovial fluid is removed from a joint capsule using a syringe to diagnose gout, arthritis or synovial infection. Also called joint aspiration.

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Aug 122014

Arthrodesis

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Surgical fusion of a joint by removing cartilage and positioning adjacent bones to promote bone growth across the joint. A successful fusion eliminates the joint and stops motion, typically to relieve pain or stabilize an unstable joint.

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Aug 122014

Arthropathy

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Joint disease. The term arthropathy does not specify the type of joint disease. The word arthropathy originates from the Greek terms arthron, joint, and pathos, suffering.

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Aug 122014

Arthroplasty

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Repair or replacement of an entire joint or part of a joint in the body, such as a knee or hip. The word arthroplasty originates from the Greek terms arthron, joint, and plassein, to form or shape.

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Aug 122014

Aseptic loosening

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Loosening of an implanted device as a result of tiny particles generated at the bearing couple of a joint. When these particles overwhelm the joint capsule’s ability to clear them, they can induce an inflammatory response that can lead to bone loss and subsequent implant loosening.

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Aug 122014

Aspirate

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Remove fluids from a body cavity by suction, typically done to obtain specimens for analysis.

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Aug 122014

Aspirin

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A non-prescription drug commonly used to alleviate pain and inflammation, lower fever and reduce the risk of blood clotting in arteries. Also known as acetylsalicylic acid. 

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Aug 122014

Atrophy

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Wasting away of tissue, frequently related to decreased use or decreased blood supply.

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Aug 122014

Avascular necrosis

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A condition in which poor blood supply to an area of bone leads to bone death. AVN commonly occurs at the head of the femur (thigh bone).

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Aug 122014

Ball-and-socket joint

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The area where the rounded end of one bone fits into a cavity in an adjoining bone. Ball-and-socket joints allow a wide range of movement, or flexion. For example, ball-and-socket joints of the shoulder and hip can rotate in a complete circle.

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Aug 122014

Bilateral

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Occurring on both sides of the midline point or pertaining to both sides of the body.

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Aug 122014

Birmingham Hip Resurfacing

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A type of hip arthroplasty that uses a metal-on-metal hip device. The procedure was developed by Derek McMinn in Birmingham, England and has been used in the UK since 1997.

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Aug 122014

Bladder

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The body organ in which urine is stored, located in the pelvis behind the pubic bone.

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Aug 122014

Blood clot

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A clump or thickened mass of blood in an artery that may partially or completely block the flow of blood.

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Aug 122014

Blood vessel

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The part of the circulatory system that transports blood throughout the body. There are three major types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry blood away from the heart, the capillaries, which enable the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues, and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back toward ...

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Aug 122014

Bone scan

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A nuclear scanning test performed to identify new areas of bone growth or breakdown.

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